Near-sightedness, also known as short-sightedness or myopia, is a common vision condition in which you can see objects near to you clearly, but objects further away are blurry. This condition usually runs in the family and occurs when the shape of your eye causes light rays to bend (refract) incorrectly, focusing images in front of your retina instead of on your retina or it may be due to the cornea being too curved.
High myopia: is a more serious form of the condition – the eyeball grows more than it is supposed to and becomes very long from front to back. Besides making it hard to see things at a distance, it can also raise your chance of having other ocular conditions like a detached retina, cataracts and glaucoma.
Degenerative myopia: Also called pathological or malignant myopia – it is a rare type that you usually inherit from your parents. Your eyeball gets longer very quickly and causes severe myopia, usually by the teenage or early adult years. This type of myopia can get worse far into adulthood. Besides making it harder to see things at a distance, you may have a higher chance of having a detached retina, abnormal blood vessel growth in the eye (choroid neovascularization), and glaucoma.
With myopia, the chances are the only symptom you may notice is that more distant objects are blurred. However, you may also notice or experience:
- Headaches or migraines
- Squinting or visual straining whilst driving, watching TV or during screen-based tasks
- Eye fatigue or tiredness when you try to see objects more than a few metres away
- Children often have trouble reading the smartboard or whiteboard in the schoolroom
Diagnosis and Treatment
Myopia usually runs in the family and an eye examination with our Optometrists can determine if you’re myopic or not. Glasses, contact lenses, or refractive surgery can usually correct this problem. Your eyes usually stop changing after your teenage years, but not always. The incidents of myopia have been rising at an alarming rate in recent years due to several factors but more notably with increased computer screen time. If you notice changes in your vision, get your eyes checked by our Optometrists.
Specs Sensation is a supplier of MiYOSMART lenses, which is an innovative spectacle lens for myopia control that was developed by the spectacle lens manufacturer Hoya together with The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
Results from a 2-year clinical trial show MiYOSMART to curb myopia progression by up to 59% with its award-winning D.I.M.S (Defocus Incorporated Multiple Segments) technologies.